West Iceland is one of the best places to see the Northern Lights and the Japanese have done researches on Northern Lights in West Iceland since 1983.
The bright dancing Northern Lights are actually collisions between electrically charged particles from the sun that enter the earth’s atmosphere. The lights are seen above the magnetic poles of the northern hemispheres. Shades of red, yellow, green, blue, and violet have been reported. The lights appear in many forms from patches or scattered clouds of light to streamers, arcs, rippling curtains or shooting rays that light up the sky with an eerie glow.
The best time is between 21:00-03:00 although they can often be seen early evening or during the night. The official Northern Lights season in Iceland is from October till March. The more activity the more likely it is that you will see the northern lights but that is not all. There is never a guarantee of spotting the northern lights, but northern lights forecast by vedur.is are good. Clear skies are necessary, when we have clear skies in Iceland It is usually cold. So be sure to wear the right clothing.
It’s not rocket science, but you have to have the right kind of equipment, an eye for framing your shots, and some patience for the Northern Lights. Some of the most beautiful photos of auroras are set where foreground objects such as Icelandic houses or mountains like Kirkjufell in view. You should have a digital camera with a wide-angle lens, 55mm or less, to capture as much of the sky and landscape as possible. Mounting your camera on a tripod is a must so that you have a stable platform that doesn’t shake if a sudden wind blows as you take long photos.
Your camera should have a manual (M) setting where you can set the exposure rates at up to 20 to 30 seconds. Boost the sensitivity of your camera sensor to 400 ISO or higher. Both long exposures and higher ISOs will allow you to pick up hidden details and colors of auroras that you can’t see with the naked eye. And keep that in mind when looking at beautiful photos of the Northern lights they are taken on time that’s way they look this amazing.